Collaborative Learning Resources

"A longitudinal study of engineering student performance and retention vs. comparisons with traditionally-taught students."
Felder, R., Felder, G., and Dietz, E.J. (1998). Journal of Engineering Education, 87(4), 469-480. Research on cooperative, active learning

"An Overview of Cooperative Learning"
According to David and Roger Johnson of The Cooperative Learning Center at the University of Minnesota, cooperative learning includes five essential elements: positive interdependence, face-to-face promotive interaction, individual and group accountability, interpersonal and small group skills, and group processing.

A Revised Peer Assessment Instrument
"A Revised Peer Assessment Instrument," by Michael Toth and Jawad Khan at Portland State University and includes the peer assessment form.

Active Learning for the College Classroom
Provides a survey of a wide variety of active learning techniques which can be used to supplement rather than replace lectures. The authors, Donald Paulson and Jennifer Faust present techniques for use with individual students (without interrupting the whole class) as well as techniques for use with small groups or the whole class.

Assessing Students and Yourself Using the One-Minute Paper and Observing Students Working Cooperatively
"Assessing Students and Yourself Using the One-Minute Paper and Observing Students Working Cooperatively" by Dr. Theodore Panitz and Patricia Panitz

Bedford Workshop on Teaching Writing Online
The Bedford Workshop on Teaching Writing Online goes into detail about how to teach students to review other students' writing and then explains additional techniques for peer review.

Brainstorming Before Speaking Tasks
Brainstorming is an activity used to generate ideas in small groups. The purpose is to generate as many ideas as possible within a specified time period. These ideas are not evaluated until the end, and a wide range of ideas is often produced. Each idea produced does not need to be usable. Instead, initial ideas can be viewed as a starting pint for more workable ideas. The principle of brainstorming is that you need a lot of ideas to get good ideas. The Internet TESL Journal's article "Brainstorming Before Speaking Tasks" describes research on how brainstorming affects learning and also gives practical implementation tips.

Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking
"Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking." Article about a study conducted to examine the effectiveness of individual learning vs. collaborative learning in enhancing drill-and-practice skills and critical thinking. Related concept: cooperative learning

Collaborative Learning Structures and Techniques
This article describes a number of strategies for using collaborative learning.

Collaborative Learning a CET Resource
Collaborative learning resources from CET.

University of Colorado at Denver's Constructivism website houses links to a comprehensive list of readings on the educational theory of constructivism and its main proponents. Related concepts: cooperative, collaborative, active, experiential learning

Cooperative Learning And Social Interdependence Theory
Johnson & Johnson largely base their examinations of instructional practices on social interdependence theory. For additional background, see "Cooperative Learning And Social Interdependence Theory"

Doing CL
This site from the National Institute for Science Education that allows for access to many different strategies for structuring collaborative learning experiences Gives ideas, tips, structure and knowledge on group learning, group dynamics, questioning strategies,jigsaw, roundtable, structured problem-solving, group assessment. Select Doing CL from the icons at the bottom to get to the techniques pages.

Effects of small-group learning on undergraduates in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology: A meta-analysis
Springer, L., Stanne, M. E., and Donovan, S. (1998). "Effects of cooperative learning on undergraduates in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology: A meta-analysis." (Research Monograph No. 11). Madison: University of Wisconsin-Madison, National Institute for Science Education, Review of Educational Research

Enhancing Student Thinking Through Collaborative Learning
Four page guide for teachers who want to incorporate successful group learning into their classrooms. Published in 1998 as an ERIC Digest, this article covers the critical attributes of group learning, instructional phases of collaborative learning, and references. Related concepts: cooperative learning, groups, interdependence.

Groups that Work
Gerard M Blair, Senior Lecturer in Electrical Engineering at the University of Edinburgh, offers a concise look at group development, in his article "Groups That Work"

Guidelines and Criteria for Small Group/Cooperative Learning Projects
Professor Michael Goldberg's "Guidelines and Criteria for Small Group/Cooperative Learning Projects." Published in 1994, updated 2001. Related concepts: collaborative learning, group dynamics, interpersonal skills

Intended Learning Objectives and Optimal Learning Methods
A table summarizing the efficacy of individual, competitive and collaborative learning methods in reaching specific learning objectives. Based on 122 research papers on the topic

Small Group Teaching
"Small Group Teaching" by David Jaques focuses on group characteristics and dynamics, instructor interventions, and methods for evaluating how well the technique has worked.

Suggestions for Leading Small-Group Discussions
The article "Suggestions for Leading Small-Group Discussions" from Iowa State's Center for Teaching Excellence, outlines how and when to use small group discussions as a teaching technique

Teaching Effectiveness Program
The University of Oregon's Teaching Effectiveness Program Website provides lessons learned from Michael Sweet, who used peer evaluation with a freshman seminar (Click on Peer Evaluation to see "Petting the Shark: Using Student Peer Evaluations") and an introduction to formalized Team Learning.

Team-Based Learning
Larry Michaelsen's Team-Based Learning concept is differentiated from "group" learning as a process by which an instructor consciously creates the conditions that will enable student "groups" to become student "teams: Includes video demonstrations of Michaelsen implementing various aspects of the whole Team-Based Learning process.

Teamwork Guide
The College of Engineering at Bucknell University has developed an indepth Practical Guide to Teamwork that covers everything you need to know to get started. Highly recommended!

Ted's Very Interesting Articles on Collaborative Learning
A site that links to articles about using cooperative learning in mathematics classes by Cape Cod Community College's Dr. Theodore Panitz. Related concepts: collaborative learning.

The Essential Elements of Cooperative Learning in the Classroom
This site offers a scholarly presentation of key components of cooperative learning which must be included in activities through careful planning, i.e., heterogeneous groups and individual accountability.

The Team-Based Learning Collaborative
This website includes numerous resources for learning about Team-Based Learning (TBL), the TBL process, designing courses, and implementing TBL in your classroom.

Using Cooperative Learning 100% Of the Time In Mathematics Classes Establishes A Student-centered, Interactive Learning Environment
"Using Cooperative Learning 100% Of the Time In Mathematics Classes Establishes A Student-centered, Interactive Learning Environment" by Dr. Theodore Panitz, Cape Cod Community College.

Using Student Peer Review
Colorado State University's Writing Center walks you through the use of peer review as a teaching technique. Topics include: Planning for Peer Review Sessions, Helping Students Make Effective Comments, Helping Students Handle Divergent Advice, and includes sample workshop sheets

Why More Teachers Do Not Use Collaborative Learning Techniques
"Why More Teachers Do Not Use Collaborative Learning Techniques" By Dr. Theodore Panitz